The first permanent white settler in Katanning.
Elijah is considered the first settler in the district of Katanning. In 1851 he was grazing 1,900 sheep and, finding abundant water and feed for his sheep in the area, Quartermaine permanently settled and was the first to secure land (1852). Descendants of Quartermaine still own and manage the property, which also has grave on it.
Elijah is considered the first settler in the district of Katanning and is also known to have taken up 5,000 acres in Narrogin in 1860..
Elijah Quartermaine was born 31 July, 1814 in Toot Baldon, Oxfordshire, England to Charles and Ann Sarah Quartermaine (born Newman) and died 14 August, 1888 in Katanning, Western Australia. He was one of ten children.
He married Elizabeth Dickenson on 20 November, 1835 at Garsington, England and arrived at Fremantle, Western Australia, on 5 December, 1838 aboard the ship “Britomart”.
Elizabeth was born in Marsh Baldon, Oxfordshire, England on 9 May, 1819, and died in Beverley, Western Australia on 23 November, 1873, aged 54 years.
He started working for Dr. VIVEASH at “Yangadine” near Beverley.
In 1851 he was grazing 1,900 sheep and, finding abundant water and feed for his sheep in the area, Quartermaine permanently settled and was the first to secure land (1852).
His first lease was on Kojonup location 11, which was to become the homestead of Yowangup – a name derived from a spring on his property.
Descendants of Quartermaine still own and manage the property, which also has grave on it.
“Elijah & Eliza were actually married by Rev. Willoughby at Episcopal Church, Marsh Baldon 30 Nov 1837. The banns were published at the Garsington Church 3 consecutive Sundays as follows:
Garsington Parish Records No 42.
Banns of marriage between Elijah Quartermaine of this parish and Elizabeth Dickenson of the parish of Marsh Baldon were published on the Three Sundays underwritten:
That is to say,
on Sunday 8 Nov 1835
on Sunday 15 Nov 1835
on Sunday 22 Nov 1835
by me Willm Nicholson.
Elijah’s parents: There is no proof as to which H Quartermain Charles belongs to as there is no baptism for Charles anywhere and he and wife Sarah both died at home in Chiselhampton and there are no records of their burials in any of the church cemeteries in the surrounding area.
Eliza’s parents: Eliza was the second child of six of Frederick Dickenson & Dorothy Turner – four females and two males. Frederick worked and lived around Marsh Baldon until the late 1860’s when we went and lived with a daughter and her family at Littlemore.
Above information supplied by Danielle Thmpson (nee Quartermaine).”
Elijah and Elizabeth had twelve children; Charles Elijah, Alfred William Charles, Elijah Nigel, Henry, Elizabeth Emily Alice Fleay (nee Quartermaine), Henry, Elizabeth Mary (Eliza) Caroline Smith (nee Quartermaine), Eli, John, Frederick, William Charles Alfred, and Richard Quartermaine.
One of Elijah’s sons, Henry took up a pastoral lease in 1873 around Woolkabunning Well, an Aboriginal water hole that was a prime source of water for those shepherding his sheep.
In addition, Henry had another lease ten kms to the south east (centered on Minackling Swamp) and one near Bokaring Water Hole.
Like his elder brother, Alfred, Henry was also interested in the exploitation of sandalwood and in late 1879 took out huge pastoral leases north east of Nippering – sandalwood still being plentiful in these parts.
An example of the difficulties facing those involved in land selection and recording thereof are letters Henry Quartermaine wrote to the Commissioner of Lands:
Yongup, May 1, 1874
“Last November I applied for a special occupation lease of 100 acres and being deceived by a native who took me to the water hole, gave a wrong name instead of Mimmacidling it ought to be Woolkabunning.
I should be very thankful if you will have the name altered on my application.”
Yongup, April 26 1875
“My 40 acres block is 6-7 miles from Mr Andrews, there is Haddleton between me and Andrews.
My place is about 6 miles to the west of north of Haddleton’s Coompatine as near as I can tell, I am not near Andrews.
I would be very thankful to you if the surveyor could run it out now as he is up this way as I would like to start my fencing this winter.”
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