Katanning’s daughters at war
Members of the Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS) during July 1915
Place of birth: Kogeneh, Western Australia
Religion: Roman Catholic
Address: Katanning, Western Australia
Marital status: Single
Age at embarkation: 40
Next of kin: Mother, Mrs B M Grover, ‘Indinup’, Kojonup Road, Katanning, Western Australia
Enlistment date: 12 June 1915
Rank on enlistment: Staff Nurse
Unit name: Convalescent Depot, Harefield Park, London
AWM Embarkation Roll number: 26/84/1
Unit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A67 Orsova on 22 July 1915
Rank from Nominal Roll: T/Sister
Unit from Nominal Roll: Australian Army Nursing Service
Fate: Returned to Australia 6 February 1919
100 Years of Australian Women and War
Australian Red Cross
Women in action – nurses and serving women
For centuries women have been involved in every kind of war and conflict imaginable, especially as nurses. Australian nurses have dealt face-to-face with war – the sick, the wounded and the dead. They have served in Australia, in war zones across the world and on hospital ships and transports.
More recent conflicts have seen the gender based boundaries traditionally seen in wartime blur. These days, there are few jobs within Australia’s armed services that are not open to women. Female soldiers, sailors and airwomen are now commonplace.
And while women still fulfil traditional roles of administrators and nurses, it is not unusual to see male nurses and female doctors working together on military missions, such as when the Australian military provided support to victims of the December 2004 tsunami in Indonesia. Read more >>>
Australian Women’s Land Army
The involvement of Australian women in each war is closely connected to their role in society at different times, and the nature of each war.
Australia has been involved in a number of wars including The Boer War (1899–1902), World War I (1914–1918), World War II (1939–1945), The Korean War (1950–1953), The Vietnam War (1962–1972) and The Gulf War (1990–1991).
On the home front, women dealt with the consequences of war—managing children and family responsibilities alone, shortages of resources, as well as their fears for the future, and the grief and trauma of losing loved ones.
Many women were also actively involved as nurses and in other active service duties, and contributed more actively to war efforts through military service. Other Australian women were also closely connected with war through male relatives and friends away on military service.
In World War II, women were actively recruited into jobs that had always been the preserve of men; they worked in factories and shipyards, as members of the Women’s Land Army and as Official War Artists. Read More >>>
Establishment of the Australian Women’s Land Army
On 27 July 1942, the Australian Women’s Land Army (AWLA) was established as a national organisation, reporting to the Director-General of Manpower. The aim of the AWLA was to replace the male farm workers who had either enlisted in the armed services or were working in other essential war work such as munitions. The AWLA was not an enlisted service, but rather a voluntary group whose members were paid by the farmer, rather than the government or military forces. Membership of the AWLA was open to women who were British subjects and between the ages of 18 and 50 years. Housed in hostels in farming areas, members were given formal farming instruction and were initially supplied with uniform, bedding etc. Members were not engaged in domestic work rather they undertook most types of work involved with primary industries. The organisation was to be formally constituted under the National Security Regulations, but a final draft of the National Security (Australian Women’s Land Army) Regulations was not completed until 1945, and did not reach the stage of promulgation due to cessation of hostilities and the decision to demobilize the Land Army. A ‘Land Army’ was established in each state and administered that state’s rural needs, though some members were sent interstate when available. In September 1945 it was decided that complete demobilization of the Australian Women’s Land Army would take effect not later than 31 December 1945. Read more >>>